APA 7th Edition Citation | Guide & Examples
A direct quotation is a text that has been taken exactly word for word from an original source. You can take a single word, a phrase, a sentence or an entire passage.
The Three Rules of Quoting in APA Style
Use double quotation marks when the quote is less than 40 words.
In case, a quote is 40 words or more, use the block quote format.
Add the author, year and page number in the in-text citation.
In APA, you must always mention the author’s last name, the year the source was published, and the page where the quote can be located when citing a quote. Use “p.” when referring to a single page or “pp.” for multiple pages. Parenthetical and narrative in-text citations are the two forms of APA in-text citations. You put the whole citation in parenthesis after the quote and before the period.
The author(s) should be part of your sentence in a narrative quotation. Put the year after the author’s name in brackets, and the page number after the quotation in brackets.
Hora and Ková (2019) stated that “plagiarism is a very serious matter in an academic writing” (p. 2).
Quote a Source Having no Page Number
Page numbers are not present in some source formats, such as web pages. Unless the source is very brief, you should normally give an alternate location when citing a direct quotation. A chapter or section name, a paragraph number, or a mix of the two might be used as the locator. Use whichever location will make it the easiest for your reader to discover the quotation.
Quoting 40 or More Words
If the quotation is more than 40 words, it should be structured as a blockquote. In APA Style, a block quotation should be formatted as follows:
- Quote marks should not be used.
- Begin the quote with a new line.
- Indent the quotation by 0.5 inch throughout.
- Ensure that the whole quote is double-spaced.
Block quotations, like ordinary quotes, can be referenced using a parenthetical or narrative citation. If the block quotation completed with a period, the citation should be placed after the period.
Block Quote and Multiple Paragraphs
The first line of each paragraph shall be indented after the first paragraph if the block quote consists of several paragraphs.
How to Make Changes in Direct Quote APA Style?
A direct quote that you use should be an identical emulation of the actual source. Nevertheless, you may need to undertake minor tweaks. To incorporate the quotation correctly into your sentence, you can change the capitalization of the first word or the last punctuation mark, as long as the content remains the same.
Make a Quote Short
If you want to free up space by eliminating certain words, phrases or sentences from the quote, then use an ellipsis (..) preceded and followed by a space to signify that some of the content has been eliminated.
Add a period before the ellipsis to show that the content you eliminated has a sentence break.
Clarify the Quote
For instance, you might wish to add a word or phrase. If a pronoun is used in the quote, you will have to add a name to clarify who or what is being referred to.
How to Emphasize a Quote?
Italicize a word or phrase in a quote and add the words “emphasis added” in square brackets to highlight it.
Frequently Asked Questions
In academic writing, there are three basic reasons why quoting is the right choice:
- In order to probe the author’s use of words.
- To provide evidence from primary sources.
- To present a precise definition or argument in a clear and concise way.
Do not use too many quotations; your own voice should be the main focus. If you only want to reproduce information from one source, it is usually best to paraphrase or summarize it.