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Sample Undergraduate Criminal Law Assignment

Published by at December 13th, 2022 , Revised On January 26, 2023

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Criminal Law System

Section A

Purpose of criminal law and state the difference between criminal law and civil law

The purpose of criminal law is to reform and punish the criminals reflecting the social ambitions and norms. Civil law deals with disputes among individuals and businesses, whereas criminal laws represent criminal cases and the legal punishment for criminal offences.

The structure of the criminal justice system hierarchy, jurisdiction and functions of the courts

The criminal justice system incorporates the criminal cases in Ireland during which the state brings the prosecutions against the people who are accused of criminal offences. The criminal justice system hierarchy includes the district court, circuit court, criminal court, central criminal court, special criminal court, the court of appeal and the supreme court.

Common-Law system

The common law system in Ireland incorporates multiple rules and principles developed over the centuries by the judges.

Section B

Explain to Mary the powers that the Gardaí have to make an arrest

The Gardaí have the power to arrest an individual without committing an offence based on reasonable suspicion regarding the suspect committing the offence.

Explain the period of detention

The period of detention can be a maximum of 7 days and a minimum of 6 hours, depending on the authorisation of the Garda station.

Explain the Right to Silence

The right to silence in Garda custody renders the accused not obligated to say anything unless they wish to do so. However, anything that is said can be noted and used in evidence.

Explain the presumption of innocence

Being charged with a criminal offence by the Gardai renders the responsibility of proving the guilt upon the prosecution, and the accused has no responsibility to prove their innocence.

Explain bail

Bail is when an accused person agrees to a written bond providing a commitment to appear before the court to answer the charges against him. It presumes the person is innocent until proven guilty.

Section C

Impact crime has on a victim and society.

Crime results in multiple categories of psychological and physical pain to the victims that can be prolonged after healing the physical wounds resulting in anger, fear and low self-esteem. Crime negatively impacts the economic productivity in the society with major social consequences of gambling and drug abuse along with the loss of tourism and retail sales in the state.

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