APA Style

APA style is one of the most common referencing styles used by authors and scholars in many disciplines worldwide. APA referencing style allows researchers and writers to present clear, concise and focused scholarly communication to improve the clarity and focus of the document.

An APA style paper should follow the following APA basic guidelines:

  • Add a shortened version of the title, also known as “running head” at the top left-hand corner of the paper.
  • The document should use 12-point font throughout.
  • Place the title of the paper in the centre of the title page. Write the author name and the institute’s name below the title.
  • Indent each paragraph of the main body.
  • Page margins should be 1-inch on all sides
  • The text should be double-spaced.
  • Place the page number in the bottom right-hand corner of each page of the document.
  • Use just one space after the punctuation marks.

This guide includes a comprehensive overview of the significant changes in the APA 7th edition, APA style methodology chapter guide, APA style referencing guide, APA style Appendix guide, headings and subheadings in APA style, direct quotes in APA style, formatting guide, citation in APA style, and APA style abstract and table of content.

Each of the above sub-topics of APA Referencing Style is investigated in detail with steps and examples.

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FAQs About APA Style

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Of course, you can cite a source that has no author associated with it. However, always look for the organisation, company, charity, business or website the source belongs to, and use their name as the author in-text citations and in the references list.

In some cases, you may not be able to identify the author as the document is completely anonymous. A wiki article is one such example. In that case, you are allowed to use the title as the author of the paper. Shorten the title if necessary, especially when adding the source in the in-text citations.

If you are citing a quote, phrase, or a large piece of text, you must specify the exact location of the passage.

When you need to cite a source that has no page numbers, for example, a website, provide information that helps the reader to identify the exact location of the passage. Use headings or their shortened versions, subheadings, paragraph numbers and line numbers of the combination of two markers to point to the exact location the passage belongs to.

For example: (Smith, 2021, para. 5)

  • Do not use kind page numbers when citing ebooks because they are not reliable.
  • There is no need to include a page number or another marker when referring to the source as a whole.

In academic referencing, et al. means “and others”. You can use et al. to shorten in-ext situations having two or more authors. The concept is easy:

Write the surname of the first author’s name, followed by et al. a comma, and the year of publication. For example (Michael et al., 2022).