Types of Persuasive Essay

Published by at November 1st, 2021 , Revised On January 14, 2022

An academic essay depicts your thoughts and expressions concisely and logically. It presents your opinions and perception whether you agree or disagree with a particular point of view. An academic essay involving arguments, evidence, and counterarguments is an argumentative or persuasive essay.

When to use argumentative or persuasive essays?

An argumentative or persuasive essay is used to:

  • Represent two groups with different points of view.
  • To change the reader’s mind by convincing them to agree or disagree with your perception.

Pros and cons of persuasive writing

A persuasive essay has some pros and cons, which are discussed below:


  • It is helpful for the real world.
  • It is reliable because it involves in-depth research
  • It aims to persuade readers by presenting fact-based arguments.
  • it provides a broader spectrum of thinking.


  • Is impersonal.
  • Is dependent on the research material.
  • It can be not very objective, as well.

Persuasive vs scientific writing

The main difference between persuasive writing and scientific writing is that scientific papers are based on investigations, and the writer provides factual data gathered through scientific means. On the other hand, persuasive essay writing asks a writer to share his opinions and thoughts by convincing them to agree with the writer’s perspective.

Different types of persuasive essays

Persuasive essays are of four kinds; they are:

Discursive essay

Discursive essays aim to persuade the readers by addressing various sides and aspects of the topic. A writer needs to compare multiple facts that interestingly express his views and facts.

Argumentative essay

In this kind of an essay, a writer has to observe a scientific aspect of research. It aims at grabbing the attention of the readers towards new aspects and concepts in a specific field. A writer needs to have expertise in a particular field of his writing topic.

Exegetical essay

In exegetical essays, a reader has to show his level of understanding. It aims at persuading the readers, and the writer needs to be skilled at explaining complicated topics convincing the readers through their writing.

Expository essay

Expository essays focus on persuading the readers by representing your thoughts to agree with you and accept your competent skills of critical thinking.

Also Read: Descriptive and Narrative Essay Styles

Types of persuasive essays vs role of the author

Persuasive essays are of four kinds and different from one another. The author’s role and point of view play a key role in differentiating and understanding the types of persuasive articles.

Discursive essay

Objectives Role of Author
  • In this type of essay, powerful thoughts are represented.
  • These thoughts can have strong chances of existing in another form already.
  • They can also be based on one proper logical view.
  • In this type, the unbiased essay research with possible solutions is represented.
A writer plays a moderate role by comparing various aspects of the arguments. He has to conclude by analyzing views depending on their validity and relativity.

Exegetical essay

Objectives Role of Author
  • This type of essay is usually deal with the details of a concept or theory.
  • One has to define the phenomenon of a specific topic.
  • A writer cannot reveal the entire history of a concerning theory; instead, he only has to explain the procedure or implementation.
Here the author is considered a generalist, and his views on theory are associated with his findings or understandings of the argument.

Argumentative essay

Objectives Role of Author
  • This type of writing includes broader views of a writer.
  • A writer has to participate in details so that a reader may find it as a fruitful or valuable addition to any specific research. But every view should be supported on behalf of examples and evidence.
  • Adding the writer’s own thought doesn’t mean that he can change the original topic. Whatever he is going to write should be relevant and should have some base as well. It should be viable in future as well.
The author plays an important role, he adds his view to the writing, but he needs to have a clear understanding of the specific field to talk about the new aspects of the field.

Expository essay

Objectives Author
  • A writer has to add a new concept or view in this type of essay.
  • It shows the cognitive ability of a writer.
  • This type of writing should have some valid points for supporting meaning.
  • The writer has to showcase so that a reader may understand the concept without any difficulty. It should be clear, concise, and cohesive as well.
The author plays a strong role in this type of writing. The author can create something new, and his creativity is original and manifesting. It signifies the ability of a writer about sharing his thoughts on any topic

How different types of persuasive essays correlate?

Although all the types of persuasive essays have their own characteristics, all of them are correlated apart from the differences. Sometimes the writer can come across a challenging situation where he may not rely only on one kind of essay.

Always remember that you don’t have to stick at one point. Some writers use all types of persuasive essays in their writing. To focus clearly and make the essay understandable, a writer may use two or three types of writings simultaneously.

As you know, all kinds of persuasive writing require valid arguments or argumentative methodology. You should avoid loose talks and present your concepts with strong evidence and facts to make your argument effective.

About Natasha Flecther

Flecther is a brit based in the United Arab Emirates. She works as a freelance writer and editor with Research Prospect. He loves to read a lot of books and help students struggling with their essay assignments.