An argumentative essay makes an original argument in response to the subject matter under discussion. In an argumentative essay, the author supports their stance on the topic by presenting evidence material.
An argumentative essay is the most popular type of essay at college and university, even though there are several other types of essays that you may be asked to complete during your course of study.
An argumentative essay could be assigned to you as a course assignment. The essay brief will encourage you to choose, defend, explain and document the reasoning behind your position or point of view.
You will find keywords such as "debate", "argue", "claim," and "asset" in the title of an argumentative essay which can be either open or two-sided. Below you will find an example of an "open argumentative essay" title and an example of a "two-sided argumentative essay" title.
Open argumentative essay title.
What is the most notable achievement of Donald Trump as the president of the United States of America?
Two-sided argumentative essay title
Did distance education have a positive or negative impact on the education industry of the UK?
As indicated previously, most college and university level essays are argumentative in nature. Even rhetorical analysis and literary analysis essays fall in the "argumentative essay" category because they present arguments about the text.
When writing an argumentative essay, keep in mind that your goal as the author of the essay is to take a clear position on the issue you are exploring, present an argument, and back it up with academic evidence material.
Unless advised otherwise by your tutor, you should aim to express evidence-based arguments when approaching any essay writing assignment.
Here are some examples of argumentative essay titles to know precisely the type of titles or prompts that would require writing an argumentative essay.
Extensive research on any given topic will enable you to develop a definite and well-informed position. You may also need to slightly tweak your argument as you improve your knowledge about the topic.
Present your main argument based on analysis, evidence, and interpretation and convince your readers to agree to your point of view.
Analyse the impact of the conquest of Constantinople in the 15th century on world history.
Assess the effectiveness of anti-racism measures put in place by employers in the UK.
Talk about the impact of climate change on the human population.
A well-composed argumentative essay follows logic and rationale. Your approach to writing an argumentative essay should be objectives. Make sure to base your argument and analysis on logic, facts and rational thinking. Don't let your emotions get the better of you at any stage of writing.
You can choose from a variety of argumentative essay writing strategies. However, at the college and university level, the two most commonly followed approaches are the Toulmin method and the Rogerian method.
The Toulmin argument building method is one of the most commonly used ways of arguing for a position taken by the author. It consists of four steps, including making a claim, presenting the evidence, providing the warrant and finally presenting the potential refutations.
For example, if you are arguing for the benefits of distance learning, then you could build your main argument using the following four steps:
The Rogerian argument building strategy is a reverse of the Touliman method and also follows four steps:
The Rogerian argument building model is convenient, particularly when people strongly disagree on the issue. It enables the opposing arguments to find the middle ground.
For example, if you need to argue for the benefits of distance education, you can base your argument on the following four steps.
Like other types of essay, an argumentative essay starts with an introduction that includes a strong claim (also called a hook) in the first sentence to grab readers' attention, background information, thesis statement, and an essay structure map (required for extended essays only).
Below is an example of how to write the introduction for an argumentative essay. The following example of an argumentative essay introduction is taken from the essay arguing for distance education benefits.
For many people looking to change or advance their professional careers, choosing if distance learning is the right choice is a question of critical importance. Distance education programmes rely on information technology and online teaching tools to provide education to students who are not present in the classroom setting due to their personal commitments and limitations. Over the last several years, distance learning has emerged as one of the most popular education trends. It has provided opportunities to many non-traditional students to receive a high-quality education.
The main body of the argumentative essay is where you explore the issue in detail. It is your chance to present relevant information, analysis, and evidence to support your main argument and convince the readers to accept your opinion.
At the high school level, the main body of the argumentative essays consists of three paragraphs. However, for university and college level essays, you can add as many paragraphs as needed depending on the expected length of the essay.
You can use headings and subheadings to split the information into smaller and more meaningful sections. Use topic sentences for each paragraph of the main body. Each topic sentence should support your main argument.
Here is how the main body paragraph from an essay arguing for the benefits of distance education will look like:
Distance learning is one of the most economical and viable forms of education available to adult students who are juggling many responsibilities due to financial and time constraints in their life. The burden of responsibilities prevents adult students from studying in a foreign country or another city. Distance learning enables them to overcome these challenges and complete their education. Learning in a distant mode, they can also mitigate the economic, social, psychological, and cultural difficulties. Distance learning students often achieve better results when compared with on-campus students because the pursuit of knowledge is undertaken for its own sake rather than as an obligation.
End your argumentative essay with a conclusion paragraph summarising the main points discussed in the main body, the significance of your research and analysis, and the strengths and possible limitation of your argument.
You should not introduce any new information in the conclusion section.
The distance learning programmes offered by various universities worldwide have had a very positive effect on the world of education. Occasional pitfalls aside, this teaching method has enabled underprivileged students and those with personal limitations to receive high-quality education. Its value is evident in numerous applications. Digital education offers accessibility and flexibility to students, so the popularity of distance education has been rising in recent years. Educators should take advantage of this. The limitations of distance education such as lack of motivation for students, absence of physical interaction, and employers' reluctance to embrace distance learning has been documented extensively by opponents. Still, this new method of teaching is here to say.