Sample PhD Anthropology Dissertation Proposal
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Female Addiction in the Age of Neoliberal United Arab Emirates
Female addiction, though, possesses less commonality, but with the modern age and modernized behaviours, this has got a hike and is significantly reported across the globe. With neoliberalism and consumer culture prevailing in UAE, behaviours, preferences, and diversions have been drastically changed for males and females.
Therefore, female addiction has now become a usual thing with different motives at its core. A society with transformed behaviour and thinking due to liberalism and modernism isn’t yet ready to acknowledge these; so is behaving with sour tastes.
Keywords: Female addiction in UAE, Neoliberalism, and UAE
Addiction, drugs or any other substance, is categorized as a habitual pattern of substance use usually associated with overdose and leading to compromised health or distress. This also leads someone to betrayal, anomalies, contentment issues, withdrawal, etc.
Across the globe, according to an estimate, drug overuse is almost 15.9 million, with the majority from China, America, and Russia.
In the UAE, a research study observing drug addiction and people’s attitude towards substance use states that alcohol and opioids are two frequently used substances across the UAE. Whereas, with further division, Tramadol, a pharmaceutical drug, lies at 67.2 % number among opioid users below 30 years of age, while the other variant of Heroin and other illicit opioids are intakes by those above 30’s (Hiba Alblooshi, 2016).
With materialistic minds and money hunts, people are now more concerned about making and wasting their money rather than thinking about what they are doing and isn’t appropriate. With a liberal state of mind and neoliberalism implications, though societal norms haven’t been changed enough, openness and attraction to substance use have drastically increased.
Societal norms and aggression are still against addiction, especially for females, as this is assumed to be a bigger sin for females to indulge in a substance addiction. Though neoliberal and modernist thoughts have replaced conservative thoughts, it is a crime by the definition of law and sin by Islam. In a modern materialistic society, there are transitions from Islamic norms, but it isn’t enough modernistic yet to allow female addictions or tolerate rehab facilities.
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Waleed M Sweileh, with his fellow researchers, studied “Substance use disorders in Arab countries: research activity and bibliometric analysis” in 2o14 (Waleed M Sweileh, 2014). He and his fellow researchers thoroughly studied and discussed substance use disorders and talked about substance abuse and the likely dependence of humans on harmful substances irrespective of their gender or race.
He was focused on Middle Eastern Arab countries. His study mainly focused on assessing research productivity and digging out the facts behind substance use disorders in Arab countries. He used the ISI Web of Science databases to retrieve research and publications authored or co-authored by Arab nationals from 1900 to 2013.
He retrieved four hundred and thirteen research works discussing substance use disorders. With a higher number of researches done for Saudi Arabia, Lebanon is second. Still, there aren’t enough numbers to show some groundbreaking facts that will entail every detail and aspect of substance use addiction.
There is a lot of room to research and dig out the facts about recording, mitigating, and preventing substance use addiction. He emphasized studying patterns of substance use so that a proper and preventive policy could be adopted across states in the Middle East.
A cross-sectional study is employed undergoing a technique of mixed method that is going to test female addicts as well as those undergoing rehab treatments in NRC rehabilitation centres. Thought and analysis presented by Allison Philips in his book “The Politics of the Body” is employed with the political sociology of women’s bodies (Phipps, 2014) and studied with the coalition of neoliberal and neoconservative mechanisms.
Quantitative data is collected through questionnaires, and personal interviews and qualitative thoughts are channelled to discuss theoretical perspectives. The analysis uses statistical packages for quantitative and qualitative perspectives and employs thematic analysis.
Moreover, the determinants of female addiction are also studied to assess numbers and outcomes. Opinion biasedness and disagreements are analyzed to get more accurate results. With insights being discussed and perspectives being analyzed, outcomes are verified. Finally, interviews with personal opinions could be used for public opinion building and assessment of female addiction, its causes, rehab facilities, and groundwork done by the government.
- To suggest a proper and mechanized policy with governmental and departmental levels implementation plans.
- To suggest a thorough research-based opinion on societal norms’ transition and rehab centres operating mechanisms.
With the rapid development of rehabilitation centres and policies to tackle drastic substance use addiction, the UAE has to adopt preventive measures and a zero-tolerance policy for substance overuse. Like the outer world, the biggest concern is protecting the younger population, including teenagers and university-level youth.
They are more prone to adopt such measures and quickly become habitual to such harmful substances. Therefore, religious, cultural, and societal factors need to be employed for their vital role in mitigating the effects of substance use addiction and females getting indulged in addiction problems.
The role of NRC, though not limited to only rehabilitation, developed recently. They achieved their objectives as well to mitigate and prevent substance addiction problems. They are now more target-oriented to occupy and fulfil the goal of preventing female addiction.
Yet there is more room to diversify treatments and rehabilitation facilities, as well as transform society’s thoughts, reshape behaviors of addicts, and tolerate them with kind hands. NRC transforming into an international centre of excellence has way more to achieve and build its motives in tackling addiction with iron hands.
Başak Özoral, İ. C., 2020. Neoliberalism, Self-Identity, and Consumer Culture in the UAE. In: Examining the Relationship Between Economics and Philosophy. s.l.:s.n., pp. 48-65.
Hamad A. Al Ghaferi, A. Y. A. T. A. G. a. S. W., 2017. Developing substance misuse services in United Arab Emirates: the National Rehabilitation Centre experience. BJPsych International, 14(4), pp. 92-96.
Hiba Alblooshi, G. K. H. A. E. K. H. A. H. M. S. H. A. G. H. A. S. a. G. K. T., 2016. The pattern of substance use disorder in the United Arab Emirates in 2015: a National Rehabilitation Centre cohort study results. BMC Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy, Volume 11, p. 19.
Luigi Esposito, F. P., 2010. The Global Addiction and Human Rights: Insatiable Consumerism, Neoliberalism, and Harm Reduction. Perspectives on Global Development and Technology, 9(1), pp. 84-100.
Mercille, J., 2016. Neoliberalism and the alcohol industry in Ireland. Space and Polity, 20(1), pp. 59-74.
Phipps, A., 2014. The Politics of the Body: Gender in a Neoliberal and Neoconservative Age. s.l.:s.n.
Raphael Lencucha, A. M. T., 2019. How Neoliberalism Is Shaping the Supply of Unhealthy Commodities and What This Means for NCD Prevention. International Journal of Health Policy Management, 8(9), pp. 514-520.
Sadia Batool, I. M. S. H. A. B. M. A. M. M. a. H. S., 2017. A pattern of addiction and its relapse among chronic drug abusers in Lahore, Pakistan. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 23(3).
Waleed M Sweileh, S. H. Z. S. W. A.-J. &. A. F. S., 2014. Substance use disorders in Arab countries: research activity and bibliometric analysis. Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, Volume 33.