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Write an Essay on Small Family

Published by at January 31st, 2023 , Revised On January 26, 2024


Small families are also known as nuclear families, and they mainly consist of four to five family members including parents and children. Unlike past times, when people used to live in an extended joint family system, nuclear families’ trend is increasing as men mostly move to other cities or countries and settle there along with their spouses and children.

Characteristics of a Small Family:

A small family has the following qualities:

  • There are a lesser number of people, including parents and up to three children usually. In some places, small families also include grandparents.
  • Members of the family know each other well and are connected strongly with each other.

How are small families better than large families?

Small families are considered better than large families as with a lesser number of family members, they are more manageable and sustainable. Children are raised better as they get more attention from their parents. Small families have fewer children, so they can be better looked after in terms of the provision of resources such as health, education, and quality lifestyle. It is easier for parents to run households and manage their careers along with family life. Moreover, there are lesser conflicts and a peaceful home environment.


Small families are considered happy families due to various advantages over large families. However, it is a personal choice to live in a small or large family, depending upon the circumstances.

Essay # 2 – (400 words) A Comparison of Big and Small Families


Small families have fewer family members, usually including parents, two to three children and grandparents in some societies. This family system is more preferred than the extended family system, also known as a joint family system with many family members.

Differences between big and small families:

  • Small families can manage their finances better than large families due to fewer members; there is lesser expenditure.
  • Children in a small family can receive better parental attention than large families where parents have to focus upon a greater number of children that may consider themselves less valued.
  • The living standard of small families is better than big families as they can easily meet their primary needs. Whereas, big families have lesser finances to afford a luxurious life or buy houses as they often only meet their basic requirements.
  • Children in small families are socially hesitant as compared to those in big families. They are not accustomed to living with more people and often feel lonely. In contrast, children in big families are more comfortable with people and usually do not feel lonely.
  • Big families have a better support system in times of need as compared to small families. Members in big families can solve their problems through mutual coordination and do not require external support.
  • Small families are usually more peaceful due to fewer members; there are lesser conflicts and rivalries. Whereas, large families typically have more chances of disputes.
  • Children in small families can receive better quality education and health facilities due to more manageable finances. Due to fewer children, parents can afford to send them to reputable institutions. On the other hand, children in big families usually do not have these educational and health advantages.
  • Children in small families lack confidence and often become overly dependent on parents due to overwhelming attention and care. As compared to big families, children in small families usually lack decision-making and problem-solving abilities.
  • With lesser and more manageable finances, smaller families can save for future expenses such as buying a house, a car and affording higher education for children. These savings can prevent various future hassles. This is often not possible in big families.


Big and small families both have their particular characteristics. Small families provide greater convenience and manageable finances; however, this aspect can not completely deny the idea of big families as they have their advantages.

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Essay # 3 – (600 Words) Pros and Cons of a Small Family


Small families are those families that have a fewer family members that include both parents and two/three children. An ideal small family is considered to have a mother, father, a son, and a daughter. The idea of small families varies in different societies. In some cultures, grandparents are also considered part of the small family, and they live in the same home. Small families are ideally supposed to be more beneficial than large families, but they also have some disadvantages.

Pros of Having a Small Family Cons of Having Small Families

1. Manageable finances :

Small families mean financial stability to a great extent due to a lesser number of people. This becomes more beneficial when both parents are earning for the family. There are fewer costs related to groceries, educational expenditure, and health due to fewer family members; hence, smaller families have less financial pressure, and they can save more.

1. Social skills :

It is often seen that children in smaller families have trouble socializing as they are accustomed to fewer people. Unlike large families, where children are exposed to various relations, children in small families usually hesitate to meet new people and are more dependent on their parents.

2. More attention for kids :

Although parents love all their children equally, fewer children can get more attention from their parents. In a family of five or six children, parents can usually not give each child the required attention, due to which they lack certain essential personality traits. This is not the case in small families as parents can easily manage their time and focus on their children.

2. Lesser support :

Family means to support and back up each other in difficult times, so larger families have greater support as compared to smaller families.

3. Living standard :

As the basic requirements are more easily managed in a small family, parents can afford to give their children a better quality of life without worrying much about finances. Small families usually tend to live a more comfortable life than larger families.

3. Over protection :

Parents in a small family are likely to become over-protective towards their children. They have fewer chances of trial and error as parents become indulgent in every life decision of the child. This can create a lack of self-confidence in the child and an inability to take self-decisions in life.

4. Better education for children :

Children in smaller families have more chances to get quality education as parents can afford to send them to reputable institutions. It is easier for parents to pay the educational expenses of two children instead of six. Children in a small family can easily explore various opportunities and choose the career paths of their interest.

4. Children can become selfish :

There is a better-developed concept of sharing and caring for other family members in a joint family system as a child learns it from the beginning. This aspect is missing in the small families as the children don’t learn to share, which can adversely affect their personalities.

5. Child Can Feel Lonely :

Although parents give more attention to children in small families, other relations such as cousins, grandparents, and siblings are also important for a child’s healthy mind. Children in small families often feel lonely as friends cannot replace the bond of family members.

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Family is an important institution, and regardless of its size, each type of family has certain advantages and disadvantages. It depends upon family members on which side to choose and what suits them the best.

Frequently Asked Questions

A small family, often comprising parents and one or two children, fosters close bonds and personalised attention. With fewer members, communication is often more direct, leading to stronger connections. This compact unit can create a nurturing environment for individual growth and familial harmony.

Advantages of a small family include personalised attention, closer bonds, easier financial management, and flexibility. With fewer members, communication is often more direct, fostering stronger connections and allowing for a more intimate and supportive environment for individual growth and development.

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