An argument is a claim supported by evidence. Simply put, a statement, the 'what,' backed up by a 'how,' makes an argument. There are three main types of arguments in essay writing as well as generally speaking.
Whether used in professional, business, or personal-life situations, arguments serve to convince another person or a party of your viewpoint. Without arguments, getting even the most basic needs fulfilled would be challenging. They are an integral part of the give-and-take process served by communication. The three main types of arguments in essay are discussed below:
Following are the three main types of arguments in writing, their definitions, purposes, and structures:
As the name suggests, the Greek mastermind Aristotle proposed the classical or Aristotelian argument.
Its purpose is to convince an opposition of personal viewpoint(s) using:
Introduced by Stephen Toulmin, the Toulmin argument model is employed when there is a lack of one absolute truth or solution.
Toulmin argument aims to present only a single side of an argument, unlike classical argument where both sides are presented, and one is proven right.
Of course, this basic structure is to be followed while writing an essay. However, remember that this structure is to be built around the Toulmin argument's six components, as mentioned above.
Perhaps the most' amicable' form of argument, Rogerian argument—presented by Carl R. Rogers—involves listing similarities and differences between opposing parties to identify mutual interests.
The Rogerian argument does not aim to prove any one party right or wrong but instead reach mutual ground between opposing parties. Through this argumentation, differences can be settled between oppositions, so cooperation and understanding are developed.
To use one type from these three types of arguments in writing depends a lot on the topic given to you. Secondly, look at the facts available to you and see which of the following five types of claims they suit best with.
Now that you know the objectives and structures behind the different types of arguments in an essay, you can go about creating your essay and even your style of argumentation.