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What are Thesis or Dissertation Appendices – Tips & Examples

Published by at February 21st, 2023 , Revised On February 1, 2024

A supplementary data that aid in the comprehension of your study but is not crucial to your main point is called an appendix. Appendices are a helpful tool to add more details or explanations without lengthening your research paper, dissertation, or thesis.

You may add additional context and complexity to your issue by including an appendix instead of cluttering your text with excessive tables, figures, or other distracting features.

The Role of The Appendix in The Dissertation or Thesis

It’s crucial to include precise, unambiguous facts in the body of your research paper that back up your key points. However, you’ll frequently discover that after conducting all that research, you have a wealth of fascinating knowledge that you want to share with your reader.

This is exactly what an appendix is for, as adding it all in the body would make your document excessively long and cumbersome.

Generally speaking, any extensive material that is not immediately required to support your argument can be included in an appendix. The material you wish to add to your paper can still be included while maintaining the focus of your primary content.

What Does the Appendix Include?

Various kinds of information can be included in an appendix, for example;

  • Results

Not all of the ways that research findings are typically presented—despite the fact that this is common—must be included in your report. Always include the most relevant answers to your research questions in the main body of your research paper. Subjacent data can be placed in an appendix.

  • Statistical analysis

You can add the findings of your analysis to the appendix if you have used statistical software for it.

  • Primary data

Additionally, textual documents or transcripts from things like surveys and interviews may be included as an appendix.

Formatting an Appendix

Although you can choose to have a single lengthy appendix, it makes the content easier to navigate to separate components into separate appendices.

Here are some suggestions to bear in mind:

  • Start every appendix on the next page.
  • Name each appendix descriptively to make it easier for the reader to navigate through the document.
  • To make it clear what you are referring to, assign a number or title to the different parts in each appendix. The numbering of each appendix should begin at 1.

Referring to an Appendix

It is crucial that you include at least one reference in the paper’s main body in each of your appendices. In parenthesis or in the main body of a statement, indicate the appendix and its number or letter to accomplish this. It is also possible to make a specific reference to an individual appendix item.

When referring to a particular appendix, it is customary but not required to capitalise the word “appendix.” The most important thing is to be consistent throughout the whole essay, just like you should be when capitalising headers and titles in academic writing.

However, keep in mind that if you’re talking about appendices in general, you should always use lowercase.

For example, “This paper’s appendices provide extra information regarding both the survey and the interviews.”

Placing the Appendix

The most straightforward method is to include your appendices after the main body of your work, following the completion of your sources’ citations in your chosen citation style. You may just go on to the following page if that’s what you decide to do. Including the appendices in a separate document that is sent with your dissertation is an additional option

Keep in mind that your paper’s table of contents should contain a list of appendices.

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Other Considerable Components

A few more supporting elements related to the appendix that you can consider adding can be;

  • List of abbreviations: Making a list of abbreviations might be useful if your dissertation has a lot of acronyms or symbols unique to your subject.
  • Glossary: Creating a glossary might be helpful if you often use specialised or technical words.
  • Tables, figures, and other graphics: Your dissertation’s main body may contain too many tables, figures, and other visuals (such as charts and pictures). If so, consider including a list of figures and tables.

FAQs About Appendices

Only the relevant ones, as you have done in the main text, use author-date citations in the appendices as well.

An appendix is a section that appears at the end of a document, such as a research paper, thesis, or dissertation, that contains additional material relevant to the document’s main body. The information in an appendix is supplemental to the reader’s knowledge of your study but is unnecessary. For instance:

  • Transcripts of interviews Surveys
  • Rough data
  • Equipment specifications in great detail

An appendix is only worthwhile to include if you make a textual reference to the material it contains (e.g. quoting from an interview transcript). If not, it should be taken out.

The appendices of an APA-style work come right at the end, after the reference list and, if you’ve included them, after your tables and figures.

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