Vancouver referencing is a citation format, just like there is MLA, APA, etc. It's academically named as 'Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals,’ or ICMJE Recommendations for short. This referencing format was designed in 1978, Vancouver, by a couple of editors belonging to medical journals.
Since then, over 1,000 medical journals have used this referencing style in their academic writing. including journals affiliated with ICMJE, like BMJ, NEJM, JAMA and CMAJ. It’s important to note that some institutions might have some changes here and there for referencing different items in Vancouver. If that is the case, one’s institutional guide on referencing should be consulted.
Rather than the common author name-followed-by-year format in brackets, Vancouver referencing style uses numbers to cite in-text references. The numbers correspond to source entries on the references list. For instance, “Burroway argues the importance of images and imagination in creative writing …”
Square or round brackets can be used, but be consistent throughout the manuscript.
Some basic rules to keep in mind are:
Journals are cited in this format in Vancouver referencing: Abbreviation of the journal title, period and space, year, (abbreviated month and day if available), semi-colon, volume, issue number in parentheses, colon, page range which has been cited in-text followed by a period.
Following are some common items and how they are cited in a reference list using Vancouver style referencing:
Note: In all the proceeding examples, reference number hasn't been mentioned in the examples nor in the general format to keep things simple. But referencing always begins with (Reference number), like shown in the above example, in Vancouver style.
Publisher surname initials. Software develops company name:Software name. Version [software]. Year Month date of publication/copyright. Available from: URL.