In order to successfully understand how to utilize someone's ideas as your own effectively, you need to understand what plagiarism is? According to the Merriam-Webster online dictionary, to "plagiarize" means, “To steal and pass off (the ideas or words of another) as one's own, to use (another's production) without crediting the source, to commit literary theft and to present as new and original an idea or product derived from an existing source.”
Basically, plagiarism is a fraud, yet its benefits are irresistible. Sometimes scholars genuinely need to consider the work of their fellow research. Sir Isaac Newton once said, “If I have seen further, it is by standing on the shoulders of Giants.”
To begin with, students must study the plagiarism policies of their universities. There are different types of plagiarism students must know, sometimes students can plagiarize with \out even knowing that they are committing plagiarism. You may use your previous work for your upcoming assignment without knowing that it is a form of plagiarism- such is the nature of self-plagiarism.
As a matter of integrity, one should try to avoid copying as it is wrong ethically as well as legally and falls in the domain of stealing (idea). Still, if you must resort to plagiarism, try to be elusive by using following easy to understand methods to steer clear of this swamp called plagiarism and it is quite easy.
Accredit the source from which you are drawing the information, accurately citing the source, not only acknowledge the work of the author but also tells the reader from where the idea has originated. Use proper citation style in your writing depending upon the nature of your dissertation i.e., literary and scientific research papers use MLA and APA citation styles, respectively, by convention.
Quotations are defined as using the exact words of an author in your work. Quotes are enclosed in hyphens, and they cite the source properly by attributing it to the name of the person to whom the words belong.
Paraphrasing is the restatement of a sentence or a passage by changing some words or sentence structure while keeping its main idea preserved. A paraphrased content can help avoid plagiarism; however, you will still need to cite the source from where the main idea is borrowed. Paraphrasing technique is an incredible tool to avoid getting caught by plagiarism checking software and getting your work done as well.
For effective paraphrasing, thoroughly read the text (from which you want to copy ideas) and take notes of the key arguments presented in the passages. Make bullet points of the necessary information. Now write the information/ideas in your own words by rearranging sentences and using synonyms. Finally, compare your text with the original passage, making sure that the core concept being conveyed remains the same. If there are, discrepancies revisit the original text and make necessary amendments. It is that easy. If you don't want the hassle of going through all this, consider using online services like Research Prospect to paraphrase your work effectively.